Fol. Biol. 2020, 66, 204-211

Platelet Extracellular Vesicles in Cord Blood of Term and Preterm Newborns Assayed by Flow Cytometry: the Effect of Delay in Sample Preparation and of Sample Freezing

A. Hujacova1, T. Brozova2, T. Mosko1, M. Kostelanska1, Z. Stranak2, Karel Holada1,2

1Institute of Immunology and Microbiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
2Department of Neonatology, Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Prague, Czech Republic

Received September 2020
Accepted January 2021

Plasma levels of circulating platelet extracellular vesicles (PEVs) are an emerging marker of platelet activation, thrombosis, inflammation, and endothelial dysfunction. Analysis of PEVs in cord blood of preterm newborns may reflect the underlying pathology and possibly serve as a new diagnostic and prognostic tool. However, collection, preparation and analysis of cord blood samples in clinical settings is a logistically complex process. We have studied the effect of delay in sample preparation and sample freezing on the PEV analysis by flow cytometry. PEVs in the cord blood plasma were identified after double labelling with monoclonal antibodies CD36+CD41 or CD41+CD62. Both, the delay and the freezing significantly affected the count and often also fluorescence of the detected PEVs. Additionally, our pilot study utilizing fresh cord blood samples of term and preterm newborns demonstrated significantly decreased CD36 and CD62 PEV fluorescence in preterm newborns. Our data highlight the importance of pre-analytical steps in the analysis of cord blood PEVs and suggest that not only the count, but also the level of PEV fluorescence may have possible diagnostic potential.


The study was supported by grant NV17-31403A from the Czech Health Research Council.


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